日産・スカイライン 2000-GTR (KPGC10) ハコスカ GT-R | Nissan Skyline 2000-GTR (KPGC10)
- Nissan SKYLINE GT-R（ハコスカ）
- ■2ドア クーペ
- Nissan 直列6気筒DOHC24バルブ
- 1989 cc
- 最高出力 (馬力)
- 160 bhp (162 PS)
- 178 Nm
- 200 km/h
- 0 – 100 kph in 9,8 s
- 1024 kg
- 6.4 kg/hp
- Yuri Blake & Abbo90
The first Skyline GT-R, known by the internal Nissan designation PGC10, was released on 4 February 1969, and was exclusive to Japanese Nissan dealership network called Nissan Prince Store when the Prince company was integrated into Nissan operations in 1966. It was available originally as a four-door sedan after a public debut at the October 1968 Tokyo Motor Show. It was advertised alongside the Nissan R380 racecar to showcase the Skyline's racing heraldry. It was equipped with the 2.0 L DOHC S20 I6 producing 160 hp (120 kW) at 7000 rpm and 177 N·m (131 ft·lbf) of torque at 5600 rpm. Power was delivered to the rear wheels by a 5-speed manual transmission. The first Skyline GT-R rode on a semi-trailing arm strut suspension. It was available as a coupe in March 1971 with the chassis code KPGC10.
K means coupé; P indicated it was designed for race; GC is the series name while GTR stands for Gran Turismo Racer.
A popular name for the PGC and KPGC10 Skyline GT-R was "Hakosuka," which combines the Japanese word for box ("hako" or ハコ) and the pronounced abbreviation of skyline ("Suka" or スカ as in スカイライン or "sukairain").
For the KPGC10 the wheelbase was shortened from 103.9 in. (2,640 mm) to 101.2 in. (2,570 mm) and the weight was reduced by 45 lbs. (20 kg).
Due to aerodynamic matters, the car got a wider body and optionally a rear-wing, as well as a lower wind screen. Handling over the four-door was further improved by larger tires, which were hosted by expanded wheel-housings on the KPGC10.
Concerning the dynamic side, the four-door version was dominated by strong understeer, which originated from its long wheelbase and low-grip tires. In order to drive quickly, the drivers had to brake hard into the corners to make the tail come out, and then drift the car through them. Of course, this looked very spectacular, which is why the Skyline became so popular with the fans. Now, drifting may look very spectacular, but it is also very exhausting for the drivers, and, more importantly, not very quick.
So Nissan introduced the Nissan Skyline GT-R Coupe (KPGC10), which was supposed to cure all these faults with its wider track and shorter wheelbase. And indeed, this car was even faster than the PGC10 and added several more victories to the GT-R's account. But it was not only an improved version of the PGC10. Even today, the Coupe is considered by famous drivers like Mr. Hasemi (Unisia Jecs Skyline) to be the best balanced Nissan Skyline GT-R ever.
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